Enclosed land in Czech Republic

    How/why/by, whom was it created?

    The entries are still in process, the e-atlas is still under development

     

    In broad definition = landscapes partitioned by stonewalls and balks in a more or less regular pattern

    Enclosed fields with regular patterns in Waldhufendorf in Czech Republic

    Enclosed fields with regular patterns in Waldhufendorf in Czech Republic

    Enclosed fields with irregular patterns in Czech Republic

    Enclosed fields with irregular patterns in Czech Republic

    Stonewalled enclosed fields in Czech Republic

    Stonewalled enclosed fields in Czech Republic

    Occurence

    It does occur. Quite common. Hilly and mountainous areas above 500 m, high precipitation. Areas of high aesthetic and ecological value, but peripheral (economically as well as agriculturally).

    Physical geography: description

    Enclosures:
    simple x complex structure
    maintained x different level of destruction
    vegetation x stone walls (13 x 4 m largest) x its combination
    land use change (pastures and grasslands on former arable land), abandonment, afforestation
    transition between open and closed landscape
    regional occurence (specific settlement and field patterns)

    Is it combined with/connected to something typical (traditional)?

    Population and settlement
    rural depopulation; transfer of the Czech Germans; transformation of the settlement network in the borderland; pseudo-urbanization of landscape; suburbanization
    Economy
    land consolidation; creation of agricultural cooperatives; extensification of agriculture and land abandonment; industrialization of landscape
    Politics
    land nationalization; militarization of landscape; rise and fall of the „Iron curtain“; „return to Europe“
    Culture
    renaming of landscape; use of culturally and historically valuable buildings for special purposes; secularization of landscape; transformation of the relationship to landscape; protection of landscape values; development of second home ownership, recreation and tourism