Coltura Promiscua in France
It still occurs in the vineyards of Alsace, but it is rare: 74ha or 0,5% of the vine production in Alsace.
In Normandie the complantation with apple or pear trees can been found in semi bocage enclosed fields. In Alsace they are found on the vineyards and in Provence they took place on the Lure mountain.
Farmland in France
It is dominant and characteristic of the landscape since it represents half of the national territory, it represents 3,5% of the gross domestic product of the country, there are 348.000 agricultural exploitations and 770.000 people fully employed in this sector.
The surface of agricultural land is divided as such:
18,4 millions of ha of arable soils among them cereals (9,4), temporary grassland and annual crop (4,9), oleaginous (2,3), other annual cultivation (1,3) and fallow land (0,5)
1 million of ha of permanent cultivation (orchards, vineyards)
7,7 millions of ha of permanent grassland
1,9 million of ha of agricultural land used off-farm among them collective grassland and off-field (1,8) and family gardens and orchards (0,1)
This surface is constantly decreasing because of the augmentation of wooded surfaces and mainly artificialised (modified) surfaces (around 3,4 millions of ha of built surfaces, covered or rendered unfit to cultivation:
*Not built (0,8 million of ha) corresponds to surfaces such as construction sites, quarries, court yards, pleasure gardens, waste lands, cemeteries)
*Covered soils (1,7 million of ha) correspond to roads and park places
*Built soils (0,9%) receive new constructions
Wooded grasslands in France
For this entry, the example of the Var region in the South East of France has been taken.
The agro-sylvo-pastoralism in the Var region is a system of mixed production: extensive animal production, intensive fodder corn production, orchards etc. (chestnut, olives, wine,…).